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Strategic decisions are only as good as the research that goes into making them. Candid's researchers analyze and interpret the most current philanthropic data so you can tap into it. Hundreds of full-text reports published over decades are available to download here in our frequently updated open access repository.

Also available: a collection of reports that use Candid data. Access the Candid data in the field library.

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Peace and Security Funding Index: An Analysis of Global Foundation Grantmaking

March 31, 2016

The Peace and Security Funding Index: An Analysis of Global Foundation Grantmaking is a first-of-its-kind research project that showcases the foundations and philanthropists dedicated to building a safer, more peaceful and prosperous global future. These funders are investing in efforts to prevent, mitigate, and resolve conflict and to rebuild after conflict. From research on stopping nuclear terrorism to citizen journalism in Egypt, peace and security funders are supporting peace, justice, diplomacy, and dialogue in a variety of ways. In 2013, the latest year data is available, 288 foundations supported over 1,200 organizations with more than $283 million spread across nearly 2,000 grants. The Peace and Security Funders Group (PSFG) and Foundation Center created the Index to help funders, policymakers, and the general public better understand the peace and security funding landscape. The Index identifies who "peace and security" funders are, what issues they fund (e.g., cybersecurity, preventing genocide and atrocities, climate security), where they focus (i.e., specific regions or countries), and how they make an impact (e.g., through public education efforts, journalism, research).

International trends; Special topic trends

U.S. Foundation Funding for Africa: 2015 Edition

November 18, 2015

U.S. foundations made grants totaling nearly $1.5 billion focused on Africa in 2012. This represented 25 percent of foundations' international giving, up from 14 percent in 2002. Produced by Foundation Center in cooperation with Africa Grantmakers' Affinity Group, this first-ever report examines changes in funding for Africa over the past decade and provides detailed analyses of the distribution of funding in the latest year. The report also explores differences in funding priorities based on whether recipients are headquartered in Africa or outside of the African continent.

Advancing Human Rights: Update on Global Foundation Grantmaking 2015 Edition

July 16, 2015

The 2015 edition of Advancing Human Rights: Update on Global Foundation Grantmaking analyzes $1.8 billion granted by 774 foundations in support of nearly 11,000 organizations worldwide. Among a consistent subset of human rights funders, giving increased 6 percent between 2011 and 2012, the latest year for which data are available. The third in an annual series produced jointly by Foundation Center and the International Human Rights Funders Group (IHRFG), this report is part of an ongoing effort to advance knowledge and facilitate strategic decision making in the field of human rights philanthropy. Advancing Human Rights explores grantmaking by issue, population, and regional focus. Among the areas of human rights activity it analyzes -- such as access to justice and equality before the law, sexual and reproductive rights, and environmental and resource rights -- the area that benefited from the largest share of funding in 2012 (24 percent) was equality rights and freedom from discrimination. By population, women and girls were a stated focus of 26 percent of funding, followed by children and youth (21 percent) and migrants and refugees (11 percent).

Foundation Funding for Arts Education: An Update on Foundation Trends

April 10, 2015

To document the size and scope of arts education grantmaking by US foundations, Foundation Center and Grantmakers in the Arts collaborated on a 2005 report. The report examined foundation grantmaking for arts education between 1999 and 2003 and represented the most comprehensive analysis of foundation arts education support available. This new report updates the analysis of foundation arts education funding through 2012 and illustrates how support for arts education has evolved during a period of pronounced economic volatility and dramatic political and technological change.

Foundation Giving for Nonprofit and Philanthropic Infrastructure 2004-2012

March 1, 2015

In the special report Foundation Giving for Nonprofit and Philanthropic Infrastructure 2004-2012, Foundation Center presents the first-ever analysis of U.S. foundation support globally for nonprofit and philanthropic infrastructure organizations and services. This analysis spans nine years of funding, encompassing 717 different funders and 12,200 grants. It finds that a set of the largest U.S. foundations provided $134 million in support for nonprofit and philanthropic infrastructure organizations, networks, and services in 2012; since 2004, their support has totaled more than $1 billion. About 41% of this giving funded philanthropy-specific organizations and networks -- from the Mexican Center for Philanthropy to Grantmakers for Effective Organizations. The other 59% targeted a range of organizations and activities -- from funding nonprofit-related research at major universities and think tanks to providing operating and project support to Foundation Center. This special report was created with funding from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.

Giving in Florida, 2015

January 1, 2015

Florida is home to a vibrant and growing grantmaking community addressing issues ranging from the arts to medical research to the sciences at the local, national, and even international level. This report outlines the state of giving in Florida and includes key findings, a broad variety of information detailing the philanthropic landscape of the state, and predictions for the future of giving in Florida.

Regional trends

Giving in Illinois, 2015

January 1, 2015

Illinois is home to over 5,200 grantmaking foundations spanning all types—independent or family, corporate, community, and operating—sizes, and issue areas. The community includes many foundations that only give locally or within the state, as well as those that fund nationally and even internationally. The following analysis provides an overview of the scale and composition of the Illinois foundation community and an examination of how Illinois foundations have fared relative to U.S. foundations in general over the past decade.

Promotion des Droits Humains: Mise à jour des subventions des Fondations au niveau mondial - 2015

January 1, 2015

L'initiative Promotion de Droits Humains: Mise à jour des subventions des Fondations au niveau mondial réalise un parcours des subventions en matière de droits humains par bailleur de fonds, règion, thème et population en 2012, et fournit un panorama général des principaux changements dans le domaine entre 2011 et 2012.

Special topic trends

Avance de los Derechos Humanos: Actualización sobre la Situación Mundial de Donativos Otorgados por Fundaciones - Principales Hallazgos, 2015

January 1, 2015

La iniciativa Avance de los Derechos Humanos: la situación mundial de los donativos otorgadas por fundaciones explora las subvenciones en materia de derechos humanos por financiador región, tema y población en 2012 y proporciona una visión general de los cambios clave en el ámbito de las donaciones entre 2011 y 2012.

Special topic trends

Philanthropy and Hurricane Sandy: A Report on the Foundation and Corporate Response

October 28, 2014

What was the philanthropic response to Hurricane Sandy? It is a simple question -- too simple really. Philanthropy is not a monolithic sector, but rather an immensely diverse set of private entities with different approaches to any given social challenge. That's one of the wonderful things about philanthropy and the reason our nation's tax laws support the creation of foundations: private givers often have approaches very different from government and can direct their resources in ways that government will not and cannot. As this report documents, the philanthropic sector's contributions to Hurricane Sandy recovery were impressive and historically quite large, but still only a fraction of the hundreds of billions of dollars allocated by government. Given the disparity in dollars, do philanthropy's contributions matter?These pages make the case that how philanthropic dollars were allocated absolutely matters. Two years later, as communities across the New York-New Jersey region hardest hit by Hurricane Sandy still struggle to recover, philanthropic dollars have been essential in helping fund programs for community advocacy to ensure government acts properly, to fill the holes in the social service delivery system, to help community members provide input into the redevelopment planning process and countless other efforts that government often can't or won't do.At its core, this report documents how philanthropy responded, but we also hope it points funders continuing to respond to this disaster and those responding to future emergencies to the nonprofit organizations who have been at the center of the relief, recovery and rebuilding. It is intended to help teach for the future, as the New York chapter lays out lessons learned and "best practices" in addition to the basic statistics, charts and graphs on how philanthropic dollars were allocated. The New Jersey chapter also breaks down the statistics, charts and graphs, but also speaks to the work that remains with so many residents and communities continuing to face untenable conditions as they approach the two-year anniversary. In both cases, the best practices offered and the issues that remain are germane to both New York and New Jersey, and to a discussion of the larger philanthropic response to the disaster.

Special topic trends

Arts Funding Snapshot: GIA's Annual Research on Support for Arts and Culture, 2014

September 1, 2014

Foundation Center offers these key findings from GIA's thirteenth snapshot of foundation giving to arts and culture. The definition of arts and culture used for this snapshot is based on the National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities and encompasses funding for the performing arts, museums, visual arts, multidisciplinary arts, media and communications, humanities, and historical preservation. Most importantly, the findings tell us about the changes in foundation giving for the arts between 2011 and 2012 by a matched set of 714 funders and the distribution of 2012 arts and culture giving by the 1,000 largest US foundations by total giving.1 They are based on all arts grants of $10,000 or more reported to Foundation Center by these sets of the largest US foundations, hereafter referred to as "the sample".2 The Center has conducted annual examinations of the giving patterns of the nation's largest foundations for close to four decades.

Advancing Human Rights: Update on Global Foundation Grantmaking Key Findings

July 17, 2014

Each year foundations globally fund efforts to ensure the protection and promotion of human rights. Our latest key findings report, Advancing Human Rights: Update on Global Foundation Grantmaking provides a snapshot of the landscape of global human rights grantmaking in 2011.Written by Foundation Center and the International Human Rights Funders Group (IHRFG), in collaboration with the International Network of Women's Funds (INWF) and Ariadne -- European Funders for Social Change and Human Rights, the latest edition of Advancing Human Rights identified $1.7 billion in human rights funding from foundations in 34 countries awarded to more than 10,000 organizations around the world. Human rights work supported by foundations ranges from ensuring the right to peaceful assembly and association to supporting freedom from violence to promoting the right to education.

International trends; Special topic trends