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Strategic decisions are only as good as the research that goes into making them. Candid's researchers analyze and interpret the most current philanthropic data so you can tap into it. Hundreds of full-text reports published over decades are available to download here in our frequently updated open access repository.

Also available: a collection of reports that use Candid data. Access the Candid data in the field library.

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Philanthropy and HBCUs: Foundation funding to historically Black colleges and universities

May 2, 2023

Historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have played a central—if underappreciated—role in the United States. The earliest HBCUs were founded before the legal enslavement of Black people ended. Since then, they have been critical in educating Black people, developing Black leaders, and addressing inequality. Although researchers have studied the government's role in financing HBCUs, there has been little research on private philanthropic support. This report seeks to fill that gap by examining U.S. foundation funding to HBCUs and exploring the relationship between foundations and HBCUs. Through quantitative analysis leveraging Candid's comprehensive grants data and qualitative interviews with HBCU staff, students and funders, this report strives to understand the philanthropic funding patterns and experiences of HBCUs.

Supporting Development in Ghana: The Role of Foundations

September 11, 2015

Foundation funding focused on Ghana over the past decade has encompassed all aspects of the global development agenda and beyond. Among foundations whose grants are tracked by Foundation Center, their giving focused on Ghana totaled $499 million between 2002 and 2012. While few foundations intentionally aligned their grantmaking priorities with the MDGs, over half of grants (54 percent) made by the 151 foundations included in this analysis and most of their grant dollars (79 percent or $394 million) supported activities consistent with at least one of the eight MDGs.

China University Foundation Developing Trends: 2011

March 15, 2012

Provides data on university foundations in China, including geographical distribution, university type, focus areas, projects, Web site construction, size of initial fund, assets, and other financials. Discusses their role in the philanthropic sector.

Moving Education Reform Forward: Grantmakers Reflect on a Convening with State and Local Government Education Leaders

June 1, 2011

This issue brief provides critical insights into how education grantmakers (and foundations in general) may be able to work more effectively with state and local education leaders. Based on interviews with participants at a national gathering convened by the Council of Chief State School Officers in January 2011, it offers a nuanced assessment of this type of convening, including the challenges that face grantmakers and education leaders in their work to coordinate future efforts effectively.

Special topic trends

Key Facts on Foundation Giving for Oakland

August 26, 2010

Highlights findings from an analysis of the numbers and dollar amounts of 2008 grants to Oakland-based nonprofits by geographic area of focus, issue area, population served, type of support, and grantmakers' location. Lists top recipients and funders.

Regional trends

Race to the Top: What Grantmakers Can Learn From the First Round

June 2, 2010

Based on interviews with stakeholders in the Department of Education's first-round Race to the Top competition, examines the challenges states faced, grantmaker support for applications, concerns, and insights into grantmaker-government partnerships.

Special topic trends

Foundations Today: Growth and Giving Estimates, 2010 edition

April 23, 2010

Foundation Growth and Giving Estimates is part of the annual Foundations Today Series of reports on foundation growth and trends in foundation giving. It provides a "first look" at 2009 giving and directions for 2010 and 2011 giving, together with aggregated actual 2008 giving and asset figures for more than 75,000 grantmaking U.S. foundations

National trends

Key Facts on Community Foundations 2010

April 19, 2010

For most of the past two decades, annual growth in community foundation giving has surpassed gains reported by independent and corporate foundations. This pattern reversed in 2009, with community foundation giving declining by an estimated 9.6 percent, exceeding the reductions estimated for independent (-8.9 percent) and corporate (-3.3 percent) foundations. This was the first decline in current-dollar community foundation giving recorded since 1994. Community foundations also appear to be somewhat more pessimistic about the outlook for their giving in 2010. According to the Foundation Center's latest "Foundation Giving Forecast Survey," a larger share of community foundations (42.2 percent) anticipate reducing giving this year, compared to corporate (40 percent) and independent (38.1 percent) foundations. Moreover, among the largest community foundations--those giving more than $10 million--half expect to reduce their funding in 2010.

National trends

Foundation Funding for Arts Education

October 1, 2005

Examines the size and scope of arts education grantmaking by U.S. foundations in 2003, and changes in giving since 1999. Includes brief profiles of leading arts education grantmakers, demonstrating the wide variety of arts education strategies employed.

Special topic trends

Spotlight on Arts Education Grantmaking in the San Francisco Bay Area

October 1, 2005

This Spotlight includes side by side comparisons of arts education giving by primary purpose and by target population, illustrating how funding in the Bay Area compares with funding nationally. A mini-directory of selected San Francisco Bay Area foundations making arts education grants in the Bay Area provides basic contact information along with selected grants.

Regional trends

Spotlight on Arts Education Grantmaking in Ohio

September 30, 2005

This Spotlight includes side by side comparisons of arts education giving by primary purpose and by target population, illustrating how funding in the state compares with funding nationally. A mini-directory of selected Ohio and non-Ohio foundations making arts education grants in Ohio provides basic contact information along with selected grants.

Regional trends

Foundations Today: Foundation Yearbook, 2005 edition (Highlights)

February 16, 2005

Giving by the nation's over 66,000 grantmaking foundations slipped 0.4 percent to $30.3 billion in 2003, following a 0.2 percent dip in the prior year. Nonetheless, foundations in the Northeast raised their level of giving 3.1 percent in the latest year, led by strong growth in funding by foundations based in Maine and New Jersey. Similarly, grantmakers in the West managed a 1.3 percent increase in their giving, buoyed by gains in giving by foundations in Wyoming and California. In contrast, Midwestern and Southern foundations registered declines of 5.4 percent and 2.4 percent, respectively. By share of overall giving, the Northeast continued to lead, followed by the South. The West ranked third, surpassing the Midwest for the first time on record.While the pattern of giving was mixed, foundation assets rebounded in all four regions. This upturn reflected the stock market recovery and the improved economic climate. Overall, foundation assets rose 9.5 percent in 2003, ending two consecutive years of decline. Still, total assets remained below the peak level reached in 2000.

National trends