Strategic decisions are only as good as the research that goes into making them. Candid's researchers analyze and interpret the most current philanthropic data so you can tap into it. Hundreds of full-text reports published over decades are available to download here in our frequently updated open access repository.

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Featured

Advancing Human Rights: Annual Review of Global Foundation Grantmaking, 2018 Key Findings

July 20, 2021

In the wake of recent events – a pandemic, worldwide protests, new elections – 2018 may feel like a world away. As we look at the 2018 data, it's important to understand that many of the human rights issues we currently face grew out of this context. Even responses to COVID-19 cannot be divorced from the foundational issues that shape how governments, social movements, and funders address – or compound – human rights abuses. Writing in a year of so much global unrest, we see this report as a baseline and an offering, a trajectory of the trends that helps identify places where philanthropy can better meet the needs of human rights movements around the world. 

Featured

The State of Global Giving by U.S. Foundations, 2011-2015

August 14, 2018

The State of Global Grantmaking Giving by U.S. Foundations is the latest report in a decades-long collaboration between Foundation Center and The Council on Foundations and aims to help funders and civil society organizations better navigate the giving landscape as they work to effect change around the world. The analysis reveals that global giving by U.S. foundations increased by 29% from 2011 to 2015, reaching an all-time high of $9.3 billion in 2015. In addition to a detailed analysis of trends by issue area, geographic region, population group, and donor strategy, this analysis also relates these trends to key events and developments, including the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, the spread of Ebola in West Africa, and the increasing legal restrictions faced by civil society in countries around the world.

International Trends

Peace and Security Funding Index: An Analysis of Global Foundation Grantmaking - 2020 Edition

November 19, 2020

Through the Peace and Security Funding Index, Candid and the Peace and Security Funders Group aim to illuminate the field of peace and security grantmaking and provide a nuanced understanding of the issues and strategies peaceand security funders support.The Index tracks funding for work to prevent future conflict, resolve existing conflict, and support stability and peace across 24 issue areas (e.g., peacebuilding, nuclear issues). It includes grantmaking by institutional funders, including private foundations, public charities, and community foundations.In 2018, 335 foundations made 2,539 grants totaling $376.8M for peace and security. 

Philanthropy for a safe, healthy, and just world

July 13, 2020

In 2019, Candid and Centris, with support from PeaceNexus Foundation, conducted a survey, Philanthropy for a Safe, Healthy, and Just World. The results, based on 823 civil society organization responses, reveal philanthropists can do better to support global peacebuilding efforts.The world today continues to be shaken by armed conflicts, yet, according to research by Candid, peace-related grantmaking comprises less than 1 percent of all grants. Further, the study found that only 18 percent of survey respondents indicated that conflict transformation and peacebuilding were "very important" to their work; in fact, it ranked at the very bottom of the list. Still, 57 percent of respondents said that supporting resilience and stable societies—a key component of peacebuilding— is either important or central to their work. Moreover, it was more common for organizations to see their work through the lens of social justice or human rights than through the lens of peace, suggesting a broader understanding and acceptance of these frameworks compared to peace.

Advancing Human Rights Annual Review of Global Foundation Grantmaking: 2017 Key Findings

June 25, 2020

With limited resources and immense challenges, now more than ever human rights grantmakers and advocates are asking critical questions about the human rights funding landscape: Where is the money going? What are the gaps? Who is funding what? The Advancing Human Rights research tracks the evolving state of human rights philanthropy by collecting and analyzing grants data to equip funders and advocates to make more informed and effective decisions. Human Rights Funders Network (HRFN) and Candid lead the research, in partnership with Ariadne–European Funders for Social Change and Human Rights, and Prospera–International Network of Women's Funds.In 2017, the research found that 849 foundations awarded 25,229 human rights grants totaling $3.2B to 13,819 recipients around the world, 28% of which was reported as flexible general support.

Advancing Human Rights Annual Review of Global Foundation Grantmaking: 2015 Key Findings

September 1, 2019

In 2015, familiar threats to human rights and human rights philanthropy continued. As conflicts persisted in countries like Syria, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic, the number of refugees fleeing violence and hunger soared. Extremist groups perpetrated mass violence from Nigeria and Egypt, to Kenya and France, including the targeted killing of staff from the French magazine Charlie Hedbo. Threats to closing civic space intensified as more countries adopted laws targeting and restricting organizations that work to hold governments accountable, including the funders that back them, often under the pretext of counterterrorism.Despite these many concerns, we saw inspiring advances for human rights around the world across a range of issues. Women in Saudi Arabia voted and stood for election for the very first time, and the governments of the Gambia and Nigeria outlawed female genital mutilation. The Supreme Court in the United States legalized same sex marriage, while the Irish people did so through a historic popular vote. Cuba and the U.S. restored diplomatic ties after more than five decades, and Iran signed a deal to curb its nuclear program. At the end of the year, nearly 200 countries reached the landmark Paris Agreement on climate change to mitigate global warming.Against this backdrop, in 2015 foundations allocated a total of $2.4 billion in support of human rights.

Facilitating Financial Sustainability: Executive Summary

May 30, 2018

Financial sustainability remains a critical challenge for civil society organizations (CSOs) around the world. Although a variety of toolkits and research papers exist examining specific sustainability strategies, many CSOs continue to struggle to develop and maintain the resources they need to carry out their missions. This constraint limits organizational autonomy by inhibiting long-term planning and flexibility in designing and implementing activities. Financial sustainability is also a key piece of the puzzle to empower local organizations to take greater ownership of the development process, as a robust resource base provides the resilience needed for organizations to experiment with new models that reduce long-term donor dependence. This paper synthesizes the findings from the analyses of both funders and CSOs. This represents one part of the three-part FFS research series, and is best considered alongside the other two papers in the series to give a holistic perspective on CSO financial sustainability: Funder Approaches to CSO Sustainability, which includes a deep-dive analysis of the landscape of strategies used by funders interested in supporting sustainability, and Understanding Factors Driving CSO Financial Sustainability, which lays out the full findings from interviews with representatives from more than 30 CSOs.

Data and Knowledge for Greater Impact in the Arab Region: Report on AFF 2016 Data Coalition Outcomes and 2017 Goals and Priorities Roadmap

September 8, 2017

Through the leadership of the Arab Foundations Forum (AFF), philanthropy within the Arab region has recognized the importance and value of data and knowledge in the success and impact of its grant making and program implementation, and has recently mobilized to undertake work on data, knowledge issues, and identifying opportunities. AFF is a regional membership-based association of foundations that aims to support an effective and strategic philanthropic sector in the Arab region that engages with all aspects of society towards growing social responsibility and investment, while advancing public good.The Arab region, however, lacks an organized framework for collecting, processing, and sharing reliable and comparable data on philanthropy. In order to help meet this need, in 2016 AFF mobilized philanthropy in the region to take action collectively, with the support of the Foundation Center and the American University in Cairo.

(ARABIC) Data and Knowledge for Greater Impact in the Arab Region: Report on AFF 2016 Data Coalition Outcomes and 2017 Goals and Priorities Roadmap

September 8, 2017

Through the leadership of the Arab Foundations Forum (AFF), philanthropy within the Arab region has recognized the importance and value of data and knowledge in the success and impact of its grant making and program implementation, and has recently mobilized to undertake work on data, knowledge issues, and identifying opportunities. AFF is a regional membership-based association of foundations that aims to support an effective and strategic philanthropic sector in the Arab region that engages with all aspects of society towards growing social responsibility and investment, while advancing public good.The Arab region, however, lacks an organized framework for collecting, processing, and sharing reliable and comparable data on philanthropy. In order to help meet this need, in 2016 AFF mobilized philanthropy in the region to take action collectively, with the support of the Foundation Center and the American University in Cairo.

Kenya: Data Strategy and Capacity Building (3rd Report)

August 31, 2017

This report highlights the key outcomes of the Building a Collective Philanthropy Data System Workshop held in Nairobi on April 6, 2017, the third in a series of workshops conducted over the past year in Kenya as part of the Data Strategy and Capacity Building Program, a joint effort led by East Africa Association of Grantmakers (EAAG), Kenya Philanthropy Forum, and Foundation Center in partnership with the Kenya Community Development Foundation (KCDF), SDG Philanthropy Platform, and more than 40 Kenyan philanthropic organizations. The program aims to strengthen the capacity of foundations and trusts to collect, analyze, and share reliable data to highlight the value of Kenyan philanthropy to national development outcomes, facilitate philanthropic collaboration, and inform grantmaking and programmatic decisions.The workshop was held to move the program forward from knowledge sharing and strategy development to implementation. It sought to solidify agreements made during the first year of the program and was focused on the development of a prototype data portal on Kenyan philanthropy. The partners agreed on which data are shareable at this time and outlined the structure of the data portal. Having agreement on what information to share and how to structure it was crucial at this point in the process, as it will serve as a framework for data collection and to make sure the data that will ultimately be shared is contextually relevant and applicable. Further, the partners continued to develop the strategy for implementation over the medium term and agreed on partner roles and concrete next steps.

Uganda: Data Strategy and Capacity Building (3rd Report)

August 31, 2017

This report presents highlights from Building a Collective Philanthropy Data System, a workshop that took place in Kampala on April 10th 2017. The workshop was the third in a series of meetings that have taken place over the past year in Uganda as part of the Data Strategy and Capacity Building Program, a joint effort led by East Africa Association of Grantmakers (EAAG), Uganda Philanthropy Forum (UPF), DENIVA, and the Independent Development Fund (IDF) along with more than 30 Ugandan philanthropic organizations. The program aims to strengthen the capacity of foundations and trusts to collect, analyze, and share data and knowledge that highlight the value of Ugandan philanthropy to national development outcomes, facilitate philanthropic collaboration, and inform grantmaking and programmatic decisions.The workshop marked a transition from planning to implementation. It sought to solidify recommendations made in earlier meetings and focused on the development of a prototype philanthropy data portal for Uganda. The group agreed on which specific types of data they were willing to share at this point in time and outlined a proposed structure for the data portal. Having agreement on what information to share and how to structure it was crucial at this stage of the process, as it will serve as a framework for data collection going forward and will ensure that the data that will ultimately be shared is contextually relevant and applicable. Further, the partners continued to develop the strategy for implementing the portal development and the population of its data, and hence agreed on partner roles and concrete next steps.

Tanzania: Data Strategy and Capacity Building (3rd Report)

August 31, 2017

This report highlights the key outcomes of the Building a Collective Philanthropy Data System Workshop held in Dar-Es-Salaam on April 13th 2017, the third in a series of workshops conducted over the past year in Tanzania as part of the Data Strategy and Capacity Building Program, a joint effort of East Africa Association of Grantmakers (EAAG), Tanzania National Philanthropy Forum (TPF), Foundation Center, the Foundation for Civil Society, and more than 15 Tanzanian philanthropic organizations. The program aims to strengthen the capacity of foundations and trusts to collect, analyze, and share reliable data to highlight the value of philanthropy to national development outcomes in Tanzania, facilitate philanthropic collaboration, and inform grantmaking and programmatic decisions.The most recent workshop, Building a Collective Philanthropy Data System, was held to move the program from the initial strategy development phase to implementation. The workshop sought to solidify agreements made during the first year of the program and was focused on the development of a prototype data portal for the philanthropy sector in Tanzania. The partners agreed on which data are shareable at this time and outlined a suggested structure for the data portal. Having agreement on which information to share and how to structure it was crucial at this point in the process, as it will serve as a framework for data collection and to make sure the data that will ultimately be shared is contextually relevant and applicable. Further, the partners continued to refine the strategy and agreed on partner roles and concrete next steps.