Strategic decisions are only as good as the research that goes into making them. Candid's researchers analyze and interpret the most current philanthropic data so you can tap into it. Hundreds of full-text reports published over decades are available to download here in our frequently updated open access repository.

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The State of Global Giving by U.S. Foundations, 2011-2015

August 14, 2018

The State of Global Grantmaking Giving by U.S. Foundations is the latest report in a decades-long collaboration between Foundation Center and The Council on Foundations and aims to help funders and civil society organizations better navigate the giving landscape as they work to effect change around the world. The analysis reveals that global giving by U.S. foundations increased by 29% from 2011 to 2015, reaching an all-time high of $9.3 billion in 2015. In addition to a detailed analysis of trends by issue area, geographic region, population group, and donor strategy, this analysis also relates these trends to key events and developments, including the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, the spread of Ebola in West Africa, and the increasing legal restrictions faced by civil society in countries around the world.

International Trends

International Giving by U.S. Community Foundations: Local Communities with Global Reach

July 13, 2017

This report, a joint effort by the Council on Foundations and Foundation Center, examines the current state and recent trends in international giving and engagement by large U.S. community foundations. The first-ever analysis of this type suggests that many community foundations are beginning to adopt a broader, more nuanced definition of "community" than they have in the past.The report documents how funds channeled from U.S. community foundations support international programs and recipients and highlights five U.S. community foundations and their approaches to global engagement and international grantmaking. For this report, we analyzed all the international grants made by U.S. community foundations included in Foundation Center's set of 1,000 of the largest U.S. Foundations from 2011 to 2014, which included 10,533 grants worth $697 million.

International Trends; Special Topic Trends

2010 Grantmakers Salary and Benefits Report - Key Findings

January 1, 2011

The Council on Foundations' 2010 Grantmakers Salary and Benefits Report provides the most comprehensive information available on the composition and compensation of U.S. independent and family, community, public, and corporate foundations, and direct giving programs. It enables grantmakers to benchmark their compensation by foundation type, size, and region across 34 paid professional and administrative staff positions. The Report also offers extensive information for those seeking to benchmark their bonus systems, insurance practices, and retirement benefits.

International Grantmaking Update: A Snapshot of U.S. Foundation Trends

December 1, 2010

Giving by U.S. foundations for international purposes held virtually steady last year, generating $6.7 billion, down just 4 percent. According to International Grantmaking Update: A Snapshot of U.S. Foundation Trends, a new report prepared by the Foundation Center in cooperation with the Council on Foundations, this decrease was less than half the 8.4 percent estimated decline in foundation giving overall last year. This latest update of the Foundation Center's benchmark series on international grantmaking examines changes in overall giving through 2009 based on a survey of leading funders. It also documents trends in giving through 2008 based on actual grants awarded by over 1,000 of the largest U.S. foundations.

International Trends

Governance & Administrative Expenses: Key Findings

January 1, 2010

Board Composition & Compensation enables grantmakers to benchmark their board composition against peers in the fi eld by board member age, gender, race/ethnicity, family membership, and other characteristics. The study also provides resources for benchmarking board compensation and expense practices.

Highlights of Perpetuity or Limited Lifespan: How Do Family Foundations Decide?

April 1, 2009

To answer the basic question of how many active family foundations are planning to spend down or exist in perpetuity (or have not yet made a decision), and to examine foundations' motivations and decision-making, the Foundation Center, in collaboration with the Council on Foundations and with additional assistance from the Association of Small Foundations, launched a study of family foundations in 2008. The report, Perpetuity or Limited Lifespan: How do Family Foundations Decide?, presents the full range of study findings, which are based on survey responses from 1,074 family foundations. This brief summarizes key findings from the report.

Special Topic Trends

International Grantmaking IV (Highlights)

December 1, 2008

Estimated U.S. foundation giving for international purposes reached a record $5.4 billion in 2007, and 2008 giving is likely to top that record. International Grantmaking IV: An Update on U.S. Foundation Trends, a new report prepared by the Foundation Center in cooperation with the Council on Foundations, examines changes in grantmakers' strategies and practices and the outlook for giving based on a 2008 survey and interviews with leading funders. It also documents trends in giving through 2006 based on actual grants awarded by over 1,000 of the largest U.S. foundations.

International Trends

Proceedings From the First Annual Researcher/Practitioner Forum: The State of Research on Diversity in Philanthropy

May 1, 2008

This report summarizes the discussions that took place at the first annual Researcher/Practitioner Forum which was held on September 27 and 28, 2007 at El Pomar Foundation's Penrose House conference facilities in Colorado Springs, CO. The Forum was co-sponsored by the Council on Foundations, ARNOVA and the Foundation Center and was made possible by a grant from the Lumina Foundation. The first annual Researcher/Practitioner Forum brought together 25 researchers and foundation representatives to discuss the state of research on diversity in philanthropy.

Special Topic Trends

Drowning in Paperwork, Distracted from Purpose: Challenges and Opportunities in Grant Application and Reporting

April 1, 2008

Are nonprofits drowning in paperwork and distracted from purpose as a result of grantmakers' application and reporting requirements? Do the same practices that grantmakers use to increase effectiveness end up over-burdening both grantmakers and grantseekers—and diminishing their effectiveness? This research report commissioned by Project Streamline addresses these questions by examining current application and reporting practices and their impact on grantmakers and grantseekers alike. In short, we found that the current system creates significant burdens on the time, energy and ultimate effectiveness of nonprofit practitioners.

Special Topic Trends

International Grantmaking Update: A Snapshot of U.S. Foundation Trends, 2006

October 1, 2006

Following a period of rapid growth, giving by U.S. foundations for international purposes declined in 2002.1 The stock market downturn, a recession, and a more difficult climate for giving in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the ensuing "war on terrorism" all contributed to this reduction in support. Since that time, several factors have heightened global economic and political instability: the uneven stock market recovery, record oil prices, an ongoing war in Iraq, and tensions with Iran and North Korea. Over the same period, the international community faced human tragedies of epic scale, from the Darfur crisis in Sudan to the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster. In this context of uncertainty and acute needs, how has international giving fared? This interim report, prepared by the Foundation Center in cooperation with the Council on Foundations, presents a brief update of key trends through 2005 and discusses the current outlook for giving. The study provides estimates of overall giving by private and community foundations; and an analysis of patterns of giving from 2002 to 2004 based on a sample of larger U.S. foundations (see "Sampling Base" for further details).

International Trends

Highlights of the Foundation Center's 2004 Study: International Grantmaking III - An Update on U.S. Foundation Trends

October 1, 2004

International Grantmaking III: An Update on U.S. Foundation Trends assesses the current state of the nation's international grantmaking and its outlook for the future. Prepared in cooperation with the Council on Foundations, this latest update of the Center's benchmark series on international giving examines changes in grantmakers' strategies, practices, and future outlook based on a 2004 survey, and trends in giving patterns through 2002 based on a sample of over 1,000 of the largest U.S. foundations. In addition, the report provides estimates of total international giving by U.S. foundations through 2003 and suggests the direction of change in giving over the next few years.

International Trends

Highlights of the Foundation Center's 2000 Study: International Grantmaking II - An Update on U.S. Foundation Trends

January 1, 2000

International Grantmaking II: An Update on U.S. Foundation Trendsrepresents the Foundation Center's second examination of the role of private grantmakers in funding cross-border and U.S.-based international programs. The Center's first study of international giving trends, International Grantmaking: A Report on U.S. Foundation Trends, mapped funding patterns from 1990, the start of the post-Cold War era, to 1994. This update carries the analysis through 1998. Both the original report and this update were developed in collaboration with the Council on Foundations, a nonprofit membership association of foundation and corporate donors.

International Trends