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Inequality between the richest and the rest in Malawi continues to rise, with poverty remaining extreme and endemic. Climate change is compounding the challenges, with recent droughts and floods likely to have worsened poverty, resulting in one in three Malawians relying on humanitarian assistance in 2016. Economic inequality threatens to undermine the hard-fought and important progress on some aspects of human development in Malawi.This report presents a vision, roadmap and policy recommendations for a more inclusive, equitable and prosperous Malawi. It shows that inequality is not inevitable but the result of policy choices made by those with power. Breaking out of slow and unequal growth requires government, development partners and institutions to work for all, especially for those living at the margins, rather than serving powerful vested interests.
There is limited research on secondary education in sub-Saharan Africa that explores the key factors which can promote efficient and effective secondary schools. What there is includes IIEP studies by Lewin and Caillods (2001), and the outputs from the World Bank's Secondary Education in Africa programme that includes analysis of costs and efficiency (Lewin 2008). Knowledge gaps remain with the risk that African governments embarking on large scale reforms in secondary education may invest in ways that fail to identify the components of the system and processes that drive efficient and effective delivery of secondary education, and therefore which areas to prioritize investment to achieve universal access. This study of secondary school efficiency and effectiveness in Malawi responds to this gap and provides evidence to inform discussions about key reforms in secondary education to improve quality and equitable access, especially for disadvantaged groups.Using both survey and case study data, the study analysed school efficiency in different types and sizes of secondary schools. The main output measure was final examination grades. For an estimation of inputs, teacher numbers, student-teacher ratio, class sizes, teacher quality (qualified/unqualified), and other infrastructure and material resources in schools was used. The samples sizes for the analysis was based on 88 secondary schools.
Carsey School of Public Policy at The University of New Hampshire;
This case study provides an overview of Ziweto Enterprises, a social venture using franchising methodology to scale its growth. The goal of this study is to present a clear picture of how the starting stages of a social franchise can expand and thrive in a developing country such as Malawi. By discussing Ziweto's history, business model, operations, challenges, successes, decision-making process, social impact, and projected future, this case study aims to provide insight into the application of business format franchising to address social problems.
This report considers key trends in secondary education in particularly with respect to enrollment and domestic and aid financing from an equity perspective. While many national governments and international donors have shifted their spending from primary to secondary education since the early 2000's, it is evident that unfinished business remains in regards to primary education, with the poorest and most disadvantaged still unlikely to complete the full cycle of primary education. Even when they do, many are not learning the basics, and their chances of transitioning into secondary education is much lower then their more advantaged counterparts. In order for countries to achieve the SDG4 targets by 2030, the way in which governments and international donors disburse their resources will have a huge bearing on countries being on track to ensure no one is left behind.
Emerging Pathogens Institute at University of Florida;
In order for Malawi to achieve Millennium Development Goal 4, to reduce child mortality by two-thirds before 2015, this report addresses the issue of diarrheal disease by examining the current policy environment in Malawi. By using the UNICEF/WHO seven-point plan for diarrheal disease control as the guiding document, the group identified current strengths and weaknesses, and then collaborated to agree on a set of recommended steps to help re-prioritize diarrheal disease control. The recommendations emerging from this report describe a detailed path for a way forward towards ownership, accountability, and sustainability for diarrhea control efforts in Malawi.
Volunteer and Service Enquiry Southern Africa (VOSESA);
This study on the nature and form of civic service and volunteering in Malawi followed a qualitative, descriptive research approach, drawing on information from an extensive document search, interviews with key informants responsible for supporting and/or implementing service and volunteering programmes and a focus group discussion with representatives of national and international organisations running structured service programmes, as well as those involved in district and community-based activities.
This fact sheet on adolescents in Malawi covers: Home and LifeWorriesSchoolSexFirst SexContraceptionHIV/AIDS and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)Information and ServicesMisperceptions
Knowledge Management for Development (KM4dev);
The research results provide a snapshot of civil society networks in Malawi today, whilst highlighting the critical organisational challenges in 2006. The project did not aim for nor did it achieve an exhaustive impact assessment of all civil society networks in the country. Interviews focussed on three networks: Malawi Economic Justice Network (MEJN), Land Task Force (LTF) and Civil Society Coalition on Basic Quality Education (CSCQBE). The findings therefore directly relate to thesethree networks; although they have resonance with other civil society networks in Malawi and globally.The main elements of the research methodology included: Literature review to provide an overview of current thinking (see references);Semi-structured interviews with up to 25 stakeholders for Malawi Economic Justice Network (MEJN), Civil Society Coalition for Quality Basic Education (CSCQBE), Land Task Force (LTF), other CSO networks, donors, and government;Analysis of consultancy work with MEJN and Civil Society Agriculture Network (CISANET);Analysis and write up;Publication and dissemination.The paper will briefly discuss the development impact of the CSOs before proceeding to discuss the critical organisational capacity issues facing the networks.
Malawi has a proud history of delivering free healthcare for its citizens, but this is now seriously under threat. Bypass fees for hospitals are already causing major hardship by excluding poor people from accessing the healthcare they need. The Government of Malawi must reject the fees system completely and instead use tax financing and development aid. Development partners must support the health sector with adequate financing to fulfil world leaders' commitment to ensuring that no one is left behind. Malawi cannot be the first country in a generation to introduce these dangerous fees while the world watches.Ã‚Â
Malawi was one of the six countries in which Oxfam's Women's Economic Empowerment and Care (WE-Care) programme was implemented. In its first phase (2014-2016), WE-Care aimed to build evidence to influence policy and practice change around the issue of unpaid care work. In Malawi, three research methodologies were used, including qualitative participatory research and quantitative methods to generate a strong evidence base for awareness raising and policy advocacy at the national and global levels. The programme was designed to be closely linked with the GSM Association's mNutrition programme, which is a three-year multi-country programme, of which Oxfam is part.This report describes the use of information and communications technologies for data gathering, analysis and implementation of a randomized control trial. This aimed to understand the impact that access to mNutrition (mAgri and mHealth) services had on the allocation of time to unpaid care work.
This accountability review is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2013/14. The report documents the findings from a review carried out in March 2014, which examines the degree to which Oxfam meets its own standards for accountability.The project aims to enhance the adaptive capacity of 8,000 households of poor women and men from Balaka and Blantyre Districts in a variety of ways. The project was implemented by Blantyre Synod Health and Development Commission (BSHDC) in Blantyre and Balaka Rural Districts. This assignment examined accountability to partners and communities in terms of transparency, feedback/listening, and participation - three key dimensions of accountability for Oxfam. In addition, it asked questions around partnership practices, staff attitudes, and satisfaction (e.g. how useful the project is to people and how wisely the money on this project has been spent) where appropriate.Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
This report documents discussions and activities at the Civil Society Budget Monitoring for National Accountability workshop held in Lilongwe, Malawi,17th to 19th February 2004. The fourfold objectives of the workshop were: To bring together individuals and representatives of organisations involved in budget monitoring, or the development of monitoring processes and tools, with a view to developing a supportive community of practice of those organisations/ individuals; Locate budget tracking exercises within the broader budget cycle and budget work ingeneral; Analyse work done to date, through the development of a case studies, assessingtheir impact and the nature of the tools and methods that were used; Identify best practices in terms of budget tracking work, including ensuring its gender sensitivity, and linkages into lobbying and advocacy activities. This report will be especially helpful for OGB staff planning to undertake their own Budget Monitoring project.