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Oxfam developed a multi-sector Coping Strategy Index (mCSI) to provide the humanitarian community in Afghanistan with a tool to assess and monitor the impact of interventions - especially multi-purpose cash grants - with data collected from Nangarhar, Herat, Kunduz, Kandahar and Kabul provinces. The project was funded by EU humanitarian aid and Oxfam.This report explains how the index was developed and tested in the field to verify its validity as a proxy of overall household stress. Also available to download is an introduction to the methodology.
In Afghanistan, there are separate schools for girls and boys and it is estimated that only 16% of schools are for girls. Many rural and displaced girls are unable to attend school regularly. There are no specific menstrual hygiene management (MHM) policies; however, gender-separated toilets are the norm and girls' washrooms have beenincorporated into designs. O&M remains a huge problem. Poor security complicates matters.
Huge numbers of people are returning to Afghanistan - more than two million since 2015 - while the country is still highly fragile, with ongoing fighting and internal displacement in many areas and high levels of poverty. Oxfam's field research in Herat, Kabul, Kunduz and Nangarhar finds that for as long as these conditions do not improve, a safe and dignified return cannot be guaranteed, and forced returns remain irresponsible. With more people returning on a daily basis, tensions are likely to grow and pressure on scarce resources will increase, exacerbating inequalities in this unstable and fragile country. Sending Afghans back to volatile areas will likely result only in more displacement and fragility.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, randomly selected for review under the citizen voice thematic area. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in December 2014. The evaluation used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the "National Solidarity Programme III" in Afghanistan. The National Solidarity Programme III (NSP III) was launched in 2003 by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). The main objective of the programme was "'to build, strengthen and maintain community development councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio- economic development"'. Oxfam GB was a Facilitating Partner, helping to establish and build the capacity of CDCs to manage local development. Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
Presents findings from a public opinion poll of Afghan citizens conducted between June and August, 2006, to help understand political and social progress, trust in state institutions, and human and development security in Afghanistan.
Open Society Institute;
Based on interviews, examines the impact of night-time search and seizure operations on Afghan communities and their views of international forces. Argues that despite policy reforms, continued raids alienate the population and undermine the rule of law.
Open Society Institute;
Examines Afghan civilians' views of the role of international forces in civilian casualties, the policies indirectly shaping those views, and Western misperceptions of Afghan society. Recommendations include responsiveness to allegations of misconduct.
Women for Afghan Women;
This Ten-Year Report tells the story of Women for Afghan Women: our organizational journey over the past decade woven together with world events that affect women's rights in Afghanistan, the personal journeys of the women who lead the organization, and the inspirational stories of courageous women and girls whose lives have been transformed by our work.
Open Society Foundations;
Documents new evidence of the Afghan intelligence service's use of torture and other violations of detainees' rights, including those transferred to Afghan custody by international forces. Recommends policies to strengthen monitoring and accountability.
This report is the longest-running public opinion poll in the country. Topics for polling included sentiments on security issues, political participation, the economy, women's rights, and development. This 9-year old survey has polled 55,000 Afghans since its conception, including the 9,000 citizens from 34 provinces polled in this year's report.
As Afghanistan now faces an uncertain political and security environment following the drawdown of ISAF troops at the end of 2014, the potential for a worsening narcotrafficking threat is great. The report states that the potential for deterioration "underscores the imperative need for Russian and U.S. policymakers to find the political will to resume and perhaps even increase cooperation despite ongoing differences on other issues. Together with regional partners and international organizations, renewed Russian-U.S. cooperation presents the best hope for a brighter future."
Open Society Institute;
Based on interviews with former detainees, documents abuses, including sensory/sleep deprivation, forced nudity, and exposure to excessive cold, at a Special Operations facility in 2007-10. Lists minimum steps needed to meet U.S. and international standar