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In Afghanistan, there are separate schools for girls and boys and it is estimated that only 16% of schools are for girls. Many rural and displaced girls are unable to attend school regularly. There are no specific menstrual hygiene management (MHM) policies; however, gender-separated toilets are the norm and girls' washrooms have beenincorporated into designs. O&M remains a huge problem. Poor security complicates matters.
Oxfam developed a multi-sector Coping Strategy Index (mCSI) to provide the humanitarian community in Afghanistan with a tool to assess and monitor the impact of interventions - especially multi-purpose cash grants - with data collected from Nangarhar, Herat, Kunduz, Kandahar and Kabul provinces. The project was funded by EU humanitarian aid and Oxfam.This report explains how the index was developed and tested in the field to verify its validity as a proxy of overall household stress. Also available to download is an introduction to the methodology.
Huge numbers of people are returning to Afghanistan - more than two million since 2015 - while the country is still highly fragile, with ongoing fighting and internal displacement in many areas and high levels of poverty. Oxfam's field research in Herat, Kabul, Kunduz and Nangarhar finds that for as long as these conditions do not improve, a safe and dignified return cannot be guaranteed, and forced returns remain irresponsible. With more people returning on a daily basis, tensions are likely to grow and pressure on scarce resources will increase, exacerbating inequalities in this unstable and fragile country. Sending Afghans back to volatile areas will likely result only in more displacement and fragility.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, randomly selected for review under the citizen voice thematic area. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in December 2014. The evaluation used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the "National Solidarity Programme III" in Afghanistan. The National Solidarity Programme III (NSP III) was launched in 2003 by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). The main objective of the programme was "'to build, strengthen and maintain community development councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio- economic development"'. Oxfam GB was a Facilitating Partner, helping to establish and build the capacity of CDCs to manage local development. Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
Women for Afghan Women;
This Ten-Year Report tells the story of Women for Afghan Women: our organizational journey over the past decade woven together with world events that affect women's rights in Afghanistan, the personal journeys of the women who lead the organization, and the inspirational stories of courageous women and girls whose lives have been transformed by our work.
As Afghanistan now faces an uncertain political and security environment following the drawdown of ISAF troops at the end of 2014, the potential for a worsening narcotrafficking threat is great. The report states that the potential for deterioration "underscores the imperative need for Russian and U.S. policymakers to find the political will to resume and perhaps even increase cooperation despite ongoing differences on other issues. Together with regional partners and international organizations, renewed Russian-U.S. cooperation presents the best hope for a brighter future."
Oxfam is running a rural recovery and food security programme in 40 villages of the districts of Panjao, Waras, Lal o Sarjangal and Ashterlaï in Hazarajat and a community based rural livelihood programme in 40 villages of the districts of Yawan and Shar-e Buzurg in Badakhshan province. Oxfam is also implementing the NSP programme in 5 districts of Daykundi. The Hazarajat and Badakhshan livelihood programmes are ending in August and September 2006 respectively. The objective of this final evaluation was to inform the design of a new integrated rural livelihood development programme and to make recommendations for a sustainable exit strategy for the current rural development activities being implemented.
Oxfam's Rights in Crisis Campaign works to promote women's rights, girls' education and peace building in Afghanistan. Working in partnership with women's rights groups, the campaign has sought to amplify their voices on these issues both internationally and within Afghanistan. The strategic focus has been 1) Women's rights in transition, 2) Protection of Afghan civilians from harm from security forces and 3) Girls' education (which has largely become subsumed within a broader focus on women's rights). Aid effectiveness has also been an important area of work for the campaign. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, finalised in April 2013, which used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the project's efforts to promote women's rights.
This report is the longest-running public opinion poll in the country. Topics for polling included sentiments on security issues, political participation, the economy, women's rights, and development. This 9-year old survey has polled 55,000 Afghans since its conception, including the 9,000 citizens from 34 provinces polled in this year's report.
United States Institute of Peace;
Discussing DDR in Afghanistan mightseem incongruous as fighting rages between government forces and a potent insurgency. Indeed, with international forces drawing down and presidential electionsscheduled for April introducing further uncertainty, there are more Afghans arming than disarming.This may change, however.While a deal with the Taliban currently appearsremote, were the new government to succeed in forging one, itssustainability would hinge on the reintegration of tens of thousands of fighters. If international funding for the Afghan National Security Forces(ANSF) declines, those soldiers and police laid off would need to find alternative livelihoods—no small challenge given the state of the economy. Reduced international funding toward Afghan security spending after 2014 could also leave thousands of members of the Afghan Public Protection Force (APPF) and private security companiesjobless. In these scenarios,DDR would again become a p
The Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction;
Humanitarian, development, and oversight organizations in Afghanistan are finding it progressively more difficult to access development and reconstruction project sites in many areas of the country due to deteriorating security conditions. As a result of the volatile security environment in Afghanistan and other conflict areas, humanitarian and development organizations are increasingly turning to remote management and monitoring approaches in order to continue providing assistance while safeguarding the security of their personnel.The symposium was held on February 12, 2014, at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington, DC.This report describes the symposium discussions and the major themes that emerged from those discussions, and includes three appendices.
Afghanistan should be in no rush to join the World Trade Organisation. Rapid accession would have few benefits and could undermine efforts to reduce poverty. Careful planning and negotiation is the only way to avoid onerous commitments that have been forced on other very poor countries and to make the best of the potential benefits that membership of the multilateral system can offer. Given the country's severe poverty, massive reconstruction effort and ongoing security concerns, all parties involved in the process should promote an appropriate, pro-development accession package for Afghanistan that is in line with its least developed country (LDC) status.