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Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission;
The Greater Philadelphia Economic Development Framework (Framework) was developed to satisfy provisions for a Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) for the Greater Philadelphia Region, encompassing portions of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. This document was developed according to provisions outlined in 13 CFR 303.7(c), Consideration of non- EDA funded CEDS, and was authored cooperatively with Select Greater Philadelphia and Ben Franklin Technology Partners. This Framework provides an overview of economic development in Greater Philadelphia, and includes a regional profile (including an historical overview, economic and demographic characteristics, the identification of 'distressed' communities as per EDA definition, and projected trends); a review of regional economic development organizations, programs, and resources; and summaries of key economic development documents, including numerous studies, reports, and analyses that have been developed over the last few years that provide insight into challenges and opportunities for economic growth in Greater Philadelphia. The report identifies regional economic development goals, objectives, and performance measures and includes a list of key economic development projects identified by the region's economic development and planning professionals as most likely to contribute towards meeting the identified goals and objectives.
Rural Sociological Society;
Community development and economic development in rural areas increasingly go hand in hand. Today, counterpoint to purely free market approaches to economic development -- in which large multinationals are the primary engines of change -- calls for more local decision-making and more locally based economic ventures. At the center of this new approach is strong community commitment to provide resources and information, overcome collective action problems, and improve the functioning of local labor markets. Enhancing community agency, or the capacity for collective action, therefore plays a significant role in effective community and economic development. Communities must focus on development both in communities (job creation, infrastructure improvement) and of communities (enhancing local problem-solving capacities). Kenneth Pigg and Ted Bradshaw, in their chapter in "Challenges for Rural America in the Twenty-First Century", outline a new model of community development, assembled from a collection of approaches. In this new "catalytic development" model, the emphasis is on mobilizing local talent and leveraging local resources and networks to find local solutions, and ultimately foster development in and of communities. This issue brief is a joint product of the Rural Sociological Society and the National Coalition for Rural Entrepreneurship, a collaboration of four Regional Rural Development Centers: The Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, the Southern Rural Development Center, the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, and the Western Rural Development Center. Funding was also made available from the Ford Foundation. This brief is part of a policy brief series by the Rural Sociological Society and the Regional Rural Development Centers that stresses the importance of community collective action and developing the capacity of people and organizations to meet the community's needs The Rural Sociological Society and the Regional Rural Development Centers creates new Public Policy Issue Brief series based on its recent book, "Challenges for Rural America in the Twenty-First Century". The briefs synthesize the context and substance of important issues raised in the book and address alternative policy options, with the goal of bringing important research to the policy community.
Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission;
The overall goal of this project is to foster communication, coordination and consistency between the goals and policies of the regional land use and transportation plans and economic development strategies among economic development and planning agency staff in southeastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey. (Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, Philadelphia, Berks, Mercer, Camden, Burlington and Gloucester counties). The counties and municipalities of southeastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey have prepared comprehensive plans and adopted zoning ordinances to guide land use and development in their communities, including the need for expanded or improved sewer and water facilities and multi-modal transportation projects and services. Countywide economic development plans and action strategies have also been developed by various agencies, reflecting goals and policies to attract jobs and generate tax base growth, building upon current educational levels, worker skills and physical assets. A key context for this study is the requirement in the new Surface Transportation Act (SAFETEA-LU) calling for strengthened linkages between metropolitan planning organization land use and transportation plans and local economic development planning. The study includes an assessment of the context, participants and essential information for economic decision-making in the region. It informs planners about the organizations and structural relationships in place in the region where economic development planning occurs, and where that planning already interfaces with land use and transportation planning activities and programs. It also provides information about the economic development professionals in the region and their land use and transportation priorities. Priorities which have been incorporated into a set of key transportation investments and economic development and infrastructure projects that would help the region be a competitive player in the national and global marketplace in coming years. A key approach to help guide this assessment and the overall study was the establishment of a Land Use, Transportation and Economic Development (LUTED) data analysis, information-sharing and policy coordination forum and process. A process that supports a more integrated decision-making and information-sharing approach could serve as a coordinated planning template for pertinent state and local agencies in response to proposed economic development projects. LUTED will be an ongoing, outcome based effort in aligning DVPRC's planning and implementation activities and it will guide the region's investment strategy to achieve the vision and goals set forth by Connections 2035.
The United States is shifting to an information economy. Productive capability is no longer completely dependent on capital and equipment; information and knowledge assets are increasingly important. The result is a new challenge to the practice of local economic development. In this information economy, success comes from harnessing the information and knowledge assets of a community and from helping local businesses succeed in the new environment. Knowledge Management (KM) can provide the tools to help economic development practitioners accomplish that task. KM is a set of techniques and tools to uncover and utilize information and knowledge assets -- especially tacit knowledge. Economic development organizations can use KM tools to enhance external communications of local companies including marketing and to promote internal communications within local businesses and help companies capture tacit knowledge. More importantly, they can use those tools to uncover and develop local intellectual assets, including helping develop information products, and helping identify entrepreneurial and business opportunities. KM tools are also useful in developing local economic clusters. Finally, these tools can be used to enhance external knowledge sharing among the economic development community and to capture and share tacit knowledge within an economic development organization.
Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York;
This paper is based on the premise that local populations? engagement in development processes is a key factor to increase chances of sustainable economic and social development. In this context, we present collaboration with community philanthropy organizations as a viable strategy for international development organizations to engage civil society in the advancement and sustainability of development goals. This is done by presenting an overview of the development sector, as well as the added-value of community philanthropy. Then practical lessons and challenges are drawn from stories of different community philanthropy and international development organizations that have experience working together.
Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity;
In April 2014, a convening of national housing equity experts was hosted in Jacksonville, Florida by the Jessie Ball duPont Fund. The convening's purpose was to gain insight from national stakeholders on affordable housing and equitable development challenges and opportunities in Jacksonville. From this two-day engagement, a number of major challenges and opportunities facing Jacksonville's housing development were clearly identified. Two of these findings directly inform this research effort.First, to meet the needs of Jacksonville's marginalized communities, an intentional focus on equity must stay at the forefront of community housing and development strategies. Second, if equity-focused development efforts are better aligned with health and/or educational stakeholders, affordable housing and equitable development could blossom in Jacksonville.Stable and affordable housing is essential to educational success and positive health outcomes for families and for communities. While the linkage between housing and educational and health outcomes is clear, educational and health stakeholders have not traditionally been deeply engaged in meeting housing need. Emerging initiatives across the country are countering this disengagement, demonstrating the important role that anchor institutions can play in supporting local housing needs. Community anchor institutions, such as educational entities (particularly higher education) and health care organizations can be powerful institutional resources to support equitable housing and community development. Throughout the nation, successful anchor institute-led housing interventions have been transformational in addressing community housing needs and community revitalization. These efforts have been most effective when equity goals are integrated into the design and implementation of anchor institute-led housing efforts.The following report provides select case studies with a strong social equity focus and comparability to Jacksonville. We identify lessons learned and summarize models which can be equally transformative in Jacksonville from these case studies. We also draw upon recent research and scholarship, and our own interviews with experts and practitioners. The goal of providing these lessons learned and model practices is to help inform, and potentially engage, various anchor institutes in Jacksonville -- organizations with resources that could help meet community housing needs and support equitable community development. This could help strengthen social, educational, economic and health outcomes for all of Jacksonville, including its most vulnerable residents.
Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission;
This report was created to satisfy provisions for a regional Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) for Greater Philadelphia. The report includes background demographic, economic, and land use data; identifies regional strengths, challenges, and opportunities; sets regional economic development goals and objectives; discusses community and private sector participation in the development and implementation of the CEDS; identifies key projects and activities designed to advance the CEDS goals and objectives; describes a plan of action for implementing the strategy; and identifies performance measures that will be tracked in future years to measure progress made toward achieving the regional goals. The regional CEDS was developed under the guidance of a Strategy Committee that includes representatives of the county planning and economic development agencies, regional economic development organizations, educational institutions, and the private sector.
West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
The growing economic gap between countries in the global south and the global north has dominated international relations and diplomacy for a long time. This gap has led to constant capital inflows and investment from the global north to the global south, including Africa, intended to reduce the gap. However, there is evidence that over the last 50 years, development aid has done little in changing the destinies of many African states, only very few Least Developed Countries (LDC) have graduated out of the status. Hundreds of billions of dollars have been given to African governments in the form of grants. In addition, even more, billions were lent to these same governments. Yet the state of development in Africa is not significantly better today. Per capita incomes, for most African countries, is either stagnant or declining. This suggests to some extent that there is more to the African challenge than just responding with money as this is not likely to turn things around. Therefore, the global community is challenged to try something different to produce different results.
Cleveland State University Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs;
Foundation Center in Cleveland, in partnership with Cleveland State University, the Burton D. Morgan Foundation, and the George Gund Foundation, with additional support from the Unger Family Foundation, is pleased to present this report on economic development grantmaking in Ohio for the period 2002 to 2012. This 10-year spotlight examines the funding priorities of large private and community foundations that have engaged in supporting economic development in Ohio during the pre- and post-recessionary period. This report is the third in a series of briefs examining foundation grantmaking in the area of economic development.
Rural Sociological Society;
The natural amenities that often characterize the rural landscape, whether lakes and mountains or ruggedness and small-town charm, can offer struggling communities an option for economic development and can inject population and money into an area. Indeed, rural areas with natural amenities are some of the turnaround stories of the 1990s. The population in the retirement destinations in the Sunbelt, the coast, and portions of the West and Upper Great Lakes grew by 28% between 1990 and 2000, virtually all of that growth from migration. Non-metro recreational counties also saw sizable growth, especially where much of the land is federally owned. In contrast, counties dependent on farming and mining were the least likely to gain population in the 1990s.Yet, as Richard Krannich and Peggy Petrzelka caution in their chapter in "Challenges for Rural America in the Twenty-First Century", relying solely on amenity and tourism-based growth can create its own vulnerabilities and risks. Without strong community engagement and a participatory approach that includes all voices from the outset of the planning process, rural communities can risk losing their sense of culture and community. In addition, simply replacing one dominant industry for another, rather than working to diversify the economic base, leaves the community similarly exposed to potential instability.This issue brief is a joint product of the Rural Sociological Society and the National Coalition for Rural Entrepreneurship, a collaboration of four Regional Rural Development Centers: The Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, the Southern Rural Development Center, the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, and the Western Rural Development Center. Funding was also made available from the Ford Foundation.This brief is part of a policy brief series by the Rural Sociological Society and the Regional Rural Development Centers that stresses the importance of community collective action and developing the capacity of people and organizations to meet the community's needsThe Rural Sociological Society and the Regional Rural Development Centers creates new Public Policy Issue Brief series based on its recent book, "Challenges for Rural America in the Twenty-First Century".The briefs synthesize the context and substance of important issues raised in the book and address alternative policy options, with the goal of bringing important research to the policy community.
Metro Chicago Information Center (MCIC);
The report "Income Diversity and the Context of Community Development" presents the MCIC Income Diversity Index: a three-decade retrospective analysis that seeks to establish a framework to describe patterns of neighborhood economic change in the City of Chicago. This analysis of household income data from the U.S. Census (1970-2000) shows that, while some wealthy Chicago neighborhoods have gotten richer and some poor neighborhoods have gotten poorer, many Chicago neighborhoods are remarkably stable.After researching and developing an innovative, new measure of income diversity, MCIC has identified four distinct patterns of neighborhood economic change in the City of Chicago, since 1970:1) Emerging high net worth2) Emerging low net worth3) Emerging bipolarity4) Stable diversityMCIC identified patterns for each of the 77 Chicago Community Areas to provide an important context for community development strategies.For example, in an Emerging High Income neighborhood (21 in all), the high-income population is increasing and the low-income population is decreasing. Development strategies in these areas should focus on protecting low- to moderate- income households from radical displacement and encourage the use of upgraded public and commercial services.An Emerging Low Income neighborhood, on the other hand, tracks a decline in the high-income population and an increase in the low-income population. In these communities, development efforts should focus on developing infrastructure, investing in buildings and retaining moderate- to high-income households.Additionally, the MCIC study identifies a disturbing "Desertification" trend among half of Chicago's 22 Emerging Low Income communities. In these neighborhoods, disinvestment and neglect have driven away middle- and high- income households.The City's 15 "Bipolar" neighborhoods have seen increases in both high- and low-income residents, and the remaining 19 communities maintain stable, economically diverse populations.Based on household income data from the U.S. Census, the MCIC analysis does not track change in income diversity since the year 2000. However, it does illustrate income trends that provide useful context and baseline data for community development strategists.